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Workshop “The Role of Modeling in Contemporary Science”


DATE: November 30, 2018, 10:00-12:30, Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, University of West Bohemia, Plzeň


LOCATION: Room RJ 209 (Department building Riegrova 11, accessible through the main Faculty entrance from Sedláčkova 15)



10:00-10:45 - Martin Zach (Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic), “Abstraction and Idealization in Scientific Modeling”

10:45-11:00 - Discussion

11:00-11:45 - Justin E. Lane (Center for Modeling Social Systems, University of Agder in Kristiansand, Norway; Institute for Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, University of Oxford), “Computing Social Systems: Correspondence and validation of computer models of human culture”

11:45-12:00 - Discussion

12:00-12:30 - General Discussion and Concluding Remarks (Vojtěch Kaše)


Martin Zach, “Abstraction and Idealization in Scientific Modeling”: It is an indisputable fact that, facing the complexity of the world, scientists employ various techniques by which they build simplified models of real as well as postulated systems. Two such widely discussed techniques are the processes of abstraction and idealization. What is the difference between them? Furthermore, is it all that important to conceptually distinguish among the two? In this talk I will review number of proposals for making such distinction, and show that not only they are problematic, but they also do not capture the full range of simplifications scientists make. I will argue that making these notions more precise is key for clarifying several other debates that take place in contemporary philosophy of science, and that using a naïve distinction which is something that seems to be common practice poses danger to viability of these other debates. More info: https://sites.google.com/view/martinzach


Justin E. Lane, “Computing Social Systems: Correspondence and validation of computer models of human culture”: The use of computer models to study social systems is now decades old, and growing at an astounding rate. However, serious questions remain concerning if computer models are useful for understanding or explaining culture. In this talk, I will discuss how concepts of "theory", "verification", and "validation" are critical for the epistemology of modeling and simulation today. I focus on issues in the understanding and practice of "validation" of models of cultures within the context of understanding cultures as complex (and possibly adaptive) systems. More info: https://oxford.academia.edu/JustinELane

Datum zahájení 30.11.2018
Datum ukončení 30.11.2018
Místo konání RJ 209, 10:00-14:00
Kontaktní osoby vojtech.kase@gmail.com, nadezdah@kfi.zcu.cz
Počet účastníků z ČR 30
Počet zahraničních učastníků 1
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