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Bohemian Forest: Landscape and People on the Frontier

MENTLÍK, P. Bohemian Forest: Landscape and People on the Frontier. In Landscapes and Landforms of the Czech Republic. Cham : Springer, 2016, s. 87-100. ISBN: 978-3-319-27536-9
Jazyk publikace: eng
Anglický název: Bohemian Forest: Landscape and People on the Frontier
Rok vydání: 2016
Místo konání: Cham
Název zdroje: Springer
Autoři: Doc. RNDr. Pavel Mentlík Ph.D.
Abstrakt EN: The direct expression of variable rock resistance and fault lines of different ages is characteristic for the deeply denuded relief of the Šumava region. Three types of relief are typical. Firstly, an extensive plateau covered with peat bogs spreading out in the central part of the area. Secondly, canyon valleys incised in the edge of the plateaus with torrential flows in rocky and stony riverbeds and finally, a rugged glacial relief with glacial cirques and a few relicts of periglacial processes in the vicinity of the highest summits. Geomorphological mapping supported by 10Be and radiocarbon dating showed that the culmination of the last glaciation in the Šumava range occurred during the Last Glacial Maximum, when valley glaciers appeared in some places. The cirque glaciers developed separately approximately 16,000 and 14,000 years ago. The recent findings suggest the presence of humans in the Šumava region since the Mesolithic period. The area was a source of raw material from the Middle Ages (gold and wood) for nearby populated regions and it was also a region of glass production. The most important recent change was connected with the end of the World War II when the predominant German population was expelled. The protection of natural heritage within the whole area is coordinated by the Šumava National Park, established in 1991.
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