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10Be exposure age chronology of the last glaciation of the Roháčská Valley in the Western Tatra Mountains, central Europe

Citace:
ENGEL, Z., MENTLÍK, P., BRAUCHER, R., KŘÍŽEK, M., PLUHÁČKOVÁ, M., ARNOLD, M., AUMAÎTRE, G., BOURLÈS, D., KEDDADOUCHE, K. 10Be exposure age chronology of the last glaciation of the Roháčská Valley in the Western Tatra Mountains, central Europe. Geomorphology, 2017, roč. 293, č. Part A, s. 130-142. ISSN: 0169-555X
Druh: ČLÁNEK
Jazyk publikace: eng
Anglický název: 10Be exposure age chronology of the last glaciation of the Roháčská Valley in the Western Tatra Mountains, central Europe
Rok vydání: 2017
Autoři: Zbyněk Engel , Doc. RNDr. Pavel Mentlík Ph.D. , Régis Braucher , Marek Křížek , Mgr. Markéta Pluháčková , Maurice Arnold , Georges Aumaître , Didier Bourlès , Karim Keddadouche
Abstrakt EN: 10Be exposure ages from moraines and bedrock sites in the Roháčská Valley provide chronology of the last glaciation in the largest valley of the Western Tatra Mts., the Western Carpathians. The minimum apparent exposure age of 19.4 ± 2.1 ka obtained for the oldest sampled boulder and the mean age of 18.0 ± 0.8 ka calculated for the terminal moraine indicate that the oldest preserved moraine was probably deposited at the time of the global Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). The age of this moraine coincides with the termination of the maximum glacier expansion in other central European ranges, including the adjacent High Tatra Mts. and the Alps. The equilibrium line altitude (ELA) of the LGM glacier in the Roháčská Valley, estimated at 1400–1410 m a.s.l., was 50–80 m lower than in the eastern part of the range, indicating a positive ELA gradient from west to east among the north-facing glaciers in the Tatra Mts. Lateglacial glacier expansion occurred no later than 13.4 ± 0.5 ka and 11.9 ± 0.5 ka, as indicated by the mean exposure ages calculated for re-advance moraines. This timing is consistent with the exposure age chronology of the last Lateglacial re-advance in the High Tatra Mts., Alps and lower mountain ranges in central Europe. The ELA in the Roháčská Valley estimated at 1690–1770 m a.s.l. in this period was located 130–300 m lower than in the north-facing valleys in the High Tatra Mts. 10Be exposure ages obtained for a rock glacier constrains the timing of this landform stabilization in the Salatínska Valley and provides the first chronological evidence for the Lateglacial activity of rock glaciers in the Carpathians.
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