The Construction of Liberalism within Postcommunist Societies: Exploring Epistemic Limits of Liberal Democracy
STRNADOVÁ, L. The Construction of Liberalism within Postcommunist Societies: Exploring Epistemic Limits of Liberal Democracy. University of Greifswald, 2018.
|Anglický název:||The Construction of Liberalism within Postcommunist Societies: Exploring Epistemic Limits of Liberal Democracy|
|Autoři:||Mgr. Lenka Strnadová Ph.D.|
|Abstrakt EN:||Discussing the crisis of liberal democracy, various authors often turn their attention on real-world phenomena as wide-spread aversion to politics, alienation from politics, lack of understanding of political process, the sense of not being represented, declining political participation, and general civic apathy. One of the key problems often addressed in contemporary political theory is the role and perceived lack of political knowledge on part of citizens of existing liberal democracies. From the 19th century on, starting with J. S. Mill’s acclaimed account of representative democratic government, the issue of epistemic advantages of democracy has occupied a prominent spot within liberal democratic thought. At the same time, roughly starting with J. S. Mill as well (but going back to the Enlightment), many liberals concur that in order for citizens to be able to exercise their civic and political rights and make their formal freedoms and liberties effective, certain amount of information available allowing for “an enlightened decision-making” (see Dahl’s polyarchy) is indispensable. Currently, accross many liberal democratic countries, there are gaps, we could call them „ democratic expectations – capabilities gaps“. Here the question is: How do we close the gap? From which side? Are we to diminish democratic expectations by compromising the ideal of democracy as some authors suggest? Or shall we try to approach the ideal by democratic reforms by means of, for instance, deliberative mechanisms, as vast body of recent literature in democratic theory suggests? The paper explores the epistemic limits to democracy in the context of postcommunism.|