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Objectivity of science from the perspective of x-phi

PAITLOVÁ, J., JEDLIČKA, P. Objectivity of science from the perspective of x-phi. Prague, 2019.
Jazyk publikace: eng
Anglický název: Objectivity of science from the perspective of x-phi
Rok vydání: 2019
Autoři: Mgr. Jitka Paitlová Ph.D. , PhDr. Petr Jedlička
Abstrakt EN: A number of authors made seminal contributions to the theoretical understanding of objectivity or created their own versions of the concept, often from diverging perspectives. As a result, the term itself diversified into a family of related concepts, and it also became a matter of contention in a number of debates. We examine the objectivity problem yet from another perspective. Recently, a new approach was formed that uses empirical and experimental methods as a way of philosophical inquiry (see Knobe 2004, Sosa 2007, Knobe & Nichols 2008). Experimental philosophy or “x-phi” makes extensive use of methods adopted from empirical sciences, in contrast to mostly “speculative” way of traditional philosophical inquiry. In our research, we focus on concept of objectivity and its formation and understanding in the natural sciences. For this purpose, we employ tools taken from experimental philosophy, sociology and cognitive sciences, such as interviews, focus groups, questionnaires and laboratory experiments. Our research is interdisciplinary – we brought together philosophers and sociologists of science with active scientists. So, the philosophical insights are supplemented by expertise from diverse scientific backgrounds and the scientists provide us access to the scientific community.
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